Living pictures in vertical gardening: the rules for the selection of plants and planting technology

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Each owner equips the site so that its design is unique, different from the neighbors. Therefore, non-standard decoration techniques are used, with the help of which they green not only the horizontal space, but also the vertical. Creative summer residents cover the ugly walls of outbuildings, an old fence with green decor, and even manage to create a barrier out of plants for the prying eyes of neighbors. Phyto-paintings can be called a new trend in landscape design. Compositions of living plants, placed in frames, look spectacular and unusual. How to create a living picture, what plants to choose for it - let's talk about all this in more detail.

How are living pictures created?

The essence of the new direction is to turn living plants into an art object, replacing canvas and paints with soil and flowers. A living landscape will always outperform the painted one, because it lives its own life, plays with colors and constantly changes.

The canvas of the great artist Van Gogh shone with new colors when it was recreated on a huge wall using living plants

The basis for phyto-paintings are frames, metal nets and plywood, which are fastened into one retaining frame. It is filled with soil and planted in the cells of the plant so as to create a certain pattern.

A drip irrigation system is carried out under the frame (if there is no time to water).

An ugly wooden fence, which is located facing the north, can become a real art gallery if it is decorated with phyto-landscapes of different sizes

Instead of a mesh, you can use special hanging containers that are fixed on the support. Plants planted in containers create compositions due to their texture, different sizes and colors, and at the same time they can be interchanged if the drawing failed.

The material on the methods of arranging vertical beds will also be useful:

The height and texture of the picture frame can be completely different. The main thing is that the frame has sufficient thickness to fill it with soil.

Some designers do not make frames at all in phyto-pictures. They create landscapes for the entire area of ​​the wall of the house, a fence, etc.

But in the case of using buildings for the basis of paintings, the walls are certainly waterproofed so that wet neighbors do not destroy the structure of the material from which the wall is made.

Still lifes of succulents

Most often, succulent plants are the constituent components of a living pattern. They grow well on any type of soil, are not afraid of changes in humidity and normally withstand a period of drought (if the owner forgets to water the composition in time).

To create a painting, you will need:

  • Thick frame, ready-made or self-made (bottom bar from 4 cm thick).
  • A sheet of plywood equal in size to the frame.
  • Waterproofing material for plywood (film).
  • Fine mesh made of metal of the same size.
  • Soil (forest clay soil, half mixed with sand or fine expanded clay).
  • Sphagnum moss (optional).
  • Carnations, hammer, construction stapler.
  • Paint or varnish on wood.
  • Succulent plants.

Create a picture like this:

  1. Cover the plywood with a film so that the soil that will come into contact with it does not destroy the material. The film can even be food grade, wrapped in several layers around the plywood.
  2. A mesh is installed between the frame slats and fixed with nails or staples.
  3. From the back of the frame, plywood is nailed with the insulated side inward.
  4. Attachments are nailed to the plywood, on which the picture will be held (at least 2x).
  5. The frame is painted or varnished.
  6. While the frame is drying, the plants are prepared: cuttings with a long tail are cut to make it easier to insert into the mesh cells.
  7. Plants are laid out in the desired pattern right on the table to determine the composition of the picture.
  8. The frame is laid horizontally on the table and filled with soil through the mesh cells. Remember to tamp using a pencil.
  9. When the ground fills the frame flush with the mesh, spray the soil with water from a spray bottle.
  10. Sprinkle lightly on damp soil with dry soil, or cover with a layer of moss to keep soil from spilling through the mesh, and begin planting.
  11. Large cuttings are planted first.
  12. Try to fill the frame as tightly as the mesh size allows, as succulents grow slowly.
  13. Leave the finished composition for a month to take root in a warm place out of direct sunlight.
  14. Check soil moisture with a toothpick. Water only when there are no traces of soil on the toothpick.

As soon as the plants started to grow (and this can be seen from the young growth) - feel free to hang your creation in a permanent place. The main thing is to avoid sunny places, otherwise the succulents will burn. For the winter, the paintings are removed to a heated room.

Succulent cuttings must be prepared 1-2 days before planting in the picture, so that the cut site has time to dry out and does not rot

Wooden frames do not like the proximity of wet soil, so their internal parts should be coated in advance with varnish or antiseptic impregnation

Sand or expanded clay added to the soil plays the role of a moisture accumulator, therefore, even with infrequent watering, succulents continue to grow normally

Landscapes on walls and fences

If you want to create a living picture on the entire wall or completely hide the old fence under it, use the container decoration option (phytomodules). They are extremely popular in Europe.

Phytowalls differ from vertical gardens in that designers carefully work out the placement of plants in order to create some kind of visual image.

The basis of phytowalls are also metal frames. They are attached to the base on which floral masterpieces will be created. In a southern climate, such walls are made of perennials that will not freeze over the winter, since there are no severe frosts.

In the middle lane or northern regions, it is most convenient to create phytowalls from annuals. They give no less bright colors and colors, but you don't have to worry about wintering.

The metal frame is the main component of phytowalls, since it is on it that the entire weight of the green picture is held, which is gaining mass day by day

Landscaping rules

Let's consider the main points:

  • Complete waterproofing of the base is carried out.
  • There should be 2-3 cm of ventilation space between the frame and the base.
  • The frame is attached to the wall using thick wooden blocks, laying them between the metal and the building.
  • A drip tube is laid on the top of the frame. Water will have to be pumped into it.
  • A container for plants can be jute cloth or a material like felt, which is not afraid of rotting and accumulates moisture well.
  • Pockets made of the same material are sewn onto a jute canvas, in which the plants will live.
  • You can not sew on the pockets, but quilt two large felt canvases with squares, and when planting, make cuts in the center of the squares and plant the plants there.
  • Before planting on the wall, each plant is wrapped in felt or jute to keep the soil in a dense state.

Professional gardeners for phytowalls use a drip irrigation system, laying a tube to each plant. But such complexity is needed for home phytowalls.

And on the street, it is enough to organize drip irrigation from above, since the water will spread over the entire surface of the fabric and feed each flower. Even if you get an excess of water, it will drain from the bottom and will not damage the landscape.

An example of a drip irrigation system can be found in the material:

Jute material has high strength and hygroscopicity, so all moisture drained from above will evenly disperse through the pores of the canvas and seep into the roots

Quilted two-layer felt also retains moisture well, so even adult plants with a small clod of earth or grown on a hydrogel can be planted in it

In addition to pocket fabric constructions, you can purchase container-type plastic phytomodules in specialized stores. For more information on these systems, see the video.

Patrick Blanc's phytoidea

The most famous phyto artist was the Frenchman Patrick Blanc. He abandoned the container method of decorating the walls, and came up with a hydroponic growing system. All the plants with which he decorates the walls live in felt slabs.

With the help of a drip irrigation system, they are fed with mineral solutions. For normal life, plants do not need land. They take oxygen from the air, and food from water.

Patrick Blanc's phyto paintings attract the eye already at the initial stage of seed germination, because everyone is interested in how the landscape gradually develops before our eyes

Patrick uses metal frames for the base. They are the link between walls and phyto-paintings. Plastic waterproof frames are screwed to the frames. It is they who serve as a barrier to moisture ingress on the walls and thereby protect the building from destruction.

On the outer side of the frame, plates of polyamide are fixed - a porous material that retains moisture well. It is in it that flowers will grow.

The peculiarity of Blank's idea is that the plants are planted on the wall not as adults, but in the form of seeds. Approximately 30 seeds per square meter. Therefore, the phyto landscape also needs to be grown. But such plants are immediately adapted to vertical living conditions. They don't have to go through the adaptation period.

The finished painting can live on the wall for up to 10 years. Dying plants are replaced with new ones.

Moss graffiti - phytorisation

Moss graffiti looks stylish in a modern way. They can paint any vertical that is in the shadow. For example, create its number or street name on the front wall of a house. Green letters will catch the attention of every passerby.

Moss patterns are very unpretentious. They do not require fertilizing, pruning, drip irrigation. In humid places, mosses grow without any care.

General application instructions

To create such a design, you must first draw the desired drawing with a construction pencil and paste over the contour with mounting tape so as not to crawl out of the picture.

For graffiti, it is better to take mosses growing in your area, since they have a higher degree of survival than store ones.

Next, you need to create a paint from moss:

  1. We go into the forest and cut off a pillow of beautiful moss (If there is no forest nearby, buy moss in the store).
  2. We mix unusual ingredients in a blender: brought moss + 2 cups of kefir + a glass of beer + 2 teaspoons of sugar + 3 teaspoons of corn syrup (it can be replaced with any fruit syrup).
  3. The finished paint should be thick. If the solution drips from the brush, and does not drip, add more moss and beat.
  4. Gently apply the resulting magical mixture to the wall. If the wall is not too porous, first clean it with coarse sandpaper. Mosses root well on porous surfaces.
  5. Cover the top with a non-woven fabric, securing it outside the pattern with tape.

To make the moss take root well, spray the wall periodically.

What types of mosses are suitable for graffiti?

Each type of moss lives on a specific surface. For graffiti, choose those types that cover the ground or the corners of an abandoned concrete house. Mosses from trees on the walls do not take root.

For phytorisation, according to experts, cushion-shaped moss species - Racomitrium or Leucobryum - are suitable. They grow even in northern areas and thrive on rocky surfaces.

1.Racomitrium small-fruited (Racomitrium microcarpum). 2. Woolly rakomitrium (Racomitrium lanuginosum). 3. Gray Leucobryum (Leucobryum glaucum). 4. Dicranum scoparium Hedw

Mossy furniture

If you want to create not a picture, but an installation of an old garden, decorate the old furniture with moss.

Moss gives the impression of abandonment and antiquity in the garden, so it can be used to cover any surface - from sculptures to old shoes

For this you need:

  1. Wash your old wooden chair.
  2. Paste it over with wet strips of newspaper (like papier-mâché). Newspapers are only wetted with water.
  3. Spray from a spray bottle over the entire surface with PVA glue diluted with water.
  4. Wrap the chair with soft wire so that the moss has something to hold on to.
  5. Collect pads of live moss in the forest (and it is better to sculpt a chair in the forest, where the building material will be at hand).
  6. Clean the roots from the ground, sprinkle them with glue and press them to the surface of the chair.
  7. Pack the moss tightly so that there are no shots left.
  8. For a firm hold, use toothpicks that can be stuck into each moss pad and hooked onto the wire. But stick at an angle so that someone doesn't accidentally sit on the tip of a toothpick. After the moss has taken root, the retainers must be removed.

The finished moss masterpiece is sprayed with water and placed in a shady place. Moisturize the stool daily, for a month.

For the installation of furniture, the type of moss is well suited - sphagnum, which grows everywhere, has a high survival rate and a beautiful lush texture

Carpets-paintings on flower beds

Landscape designers lay out paintings and ornaments not only on vertical surfaces, but also on flower beds. The so-called carpet beds have a luxurious appearance, where the plants and their arrangement resemble the pile texture of the carpet.

It's easy to create something like this. The key point is the correct selection of plants. For carpet flower beds, low-growing crops with dense foliage are used, capable of completely filling the territory allotted to them.

To create a drawing, 3 types of plants are combined:

  • undersized perennials (stonecrops, lilies of the valley, etc.). They draw the main pattern;
  • undersized flowering annuals (ageratum, alisum, marigolds, etc.). They create spots of color;
  • ground cover plants (tenacious, periwinkle). Used for the general background of the picture.

The material on the best ground cover plants for garden decoration will also be useful:

When making carpets, they are limited to 4-5 types of crops. More breaks up the drawing, blur the overall picture. To draw the contours, you can use gravel, sand, decorative stones, colored sawdust, bark, etc.

Carpet flower arrangements have a truly royal look, therefore, in this way they decorate the front entrances and central flower beds in the garden.

How to create a carpet:

  1. They break the flower bed without using fertilizing and humus. Poor soil will hold back vigorous plant growth and keep the carpet at the same height.
  2. Draw the lines of the drawing with a sharp stick, and then cover them with fine sand from a bottle.
  3. Limiters are inserted along the lines of the pattern (border tape, cut plastic bottles, etc.) so that plants do not climb into someone else's territory. They are dug in deeply, leaving 2-3 cm above the ground.
  4. Next, separate layers are poured with decorative material (if used).
  5. The last stage is planting. They begin to plant from the center to the edges, placing the seedlings as tightly as possible. It is the dense plantings that create the carpet structure of the flower bed.

In order for the flowerbed to retain the pattern, it is necessary to periodically pinch the tops of the plants, cut off too elongated specimens and do not forget about watering.

As you can see, becoming an artist is not difficult. A little imagination - and your site will become a real art gallery.

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Caramel flower - oxalis versicolor

We all know acid, or oxalis. Very often, many gardeners choose one of the types of this plant - Versicolor. This variety is one of the most popular because of its festive color. Show in full.

Its flowers are really very interesting and, when half-open, resemble lollipops on a shelf. They are white with red smooth lines, like on caramel. But the blossoming flowers look completely different - on the one hand they are pure white, and on the other they have a red edging. But they can only be seen in bright light. Thus, in the daytime these are open buds, and in the evening, "lollipops" with an interesting color.

That is, when planting one type of oxalis, you have two types of plant due to its peculiar flowering.

Growing oxalis

Oxalis is an unpretentious plant that can bloom at home almost all year round. It grows up to 15 cm. Oxalis Versicolor comes from South Africa.

The place for growing variegated sour cherry (Versicolor) can be both the sun and partial shade. She loves the sun very much, but she must be protected from direct rays, since delicate leaves can burn and dry out.

Variegated sour sour bulbs are planted in early spring in a pot with a drainage hole and sprinkled with 5 cm of fertile soil. Regular watering must be ensured. This species is hardy, so in summer it can exist at a temperature of 20-25 ° C, and in winter at + 10-12 ° C. In autumn, it is better to give oxalis about a month of rest, placing it in a cool room 12-14 ° C. When new shoots appear, then again take out in the heat. The plant needs to be replanted every 2 years. In the spring and summer, the plant should be sprayed with water.

The more, the more beautiful

It is better to plant acid lily in several bulbs close to each other, since in large quantities they look much more beautiful. Somewhere at the end of May, the pot can be taken out to the balcony or garden.

Oxalis Versicolor can be propagated by seeds and bulbs. The last option is considered the simplest. By the way, if you want to get a flowering plant at a certain time, then you can plant it at different periods. From the beginning of planting to flowering, it takes 20 to 40 days.

With improper care, oxalis can get sick with root and leaf rot. It mainly develops with excessive watering, especially at low temperatures.

Practical benefits of living plants in the house

First of all, indoor flowers enliven the space. The eye will certainly dwell on greenery. Every day, plants change: they reach for the light, turn leaves, release new shoots, bloom. By observing their life, you will be distracted from bad thoughts and give rest to your nerves.

From a purely practical point of view, indoor flowers heal the microclimate in the room. They naturally moisturize the air and supply it with oxygen, release phytoncides that are beneficial to health, and absorb harmful impurities.

Landscaping of a suburban area

Competently selected and planted plant compositions will significantly improve and transform the structure of the landscape and allow you to create your own unique piece of personal, protected from outside views, a separate garden area for each site. In the future, the price of plants grows exponentially along with their size. And this allows us to talk about "investing" in the landscape.

Planting is the culmination and the most magical part of the landscaping job. After it, the site is completely transformed and a new living dimension appears.

Sergey Shevlyakov,

We grow plants ourselves, so we can guarantee quality, stable supplies and low prices

If for some reason the plant does not take root, we will replace it completely free of charge.

We advise on plant care issues, offer field supervision

We provide detailed instructions for the care of all planted plants

For more information on technologies and innovative approaches, see the article section

Extensive work experience allows us to make almost no mistakes when choosing and planting plants

Fruit trees: apple, pear, cherry, plum, thorny plum, cherry plum, mountain ash, sweet cherry. A large selection of varieties, specially selected for the difficult climatic conditions of the Leningrad region. There are both seedlings on a vigorous seedling rootstock, which give a more durable tree, and seedlings on clonal rootstocks, which give faster-growing trees, which start bearing fruit 3-4 years earlier. We sell and plant trees as standard seedlings (two years old), and immediately at the age of fruiting (with fruits).

You can choose your favorite specimens at the nursery in St. Petersburg and even taste the fruits. We use different planting methods - traditional and on the hills. We select varieties for harvesting and further processing and lay technical gardens. We carry out professional shaping of the crown of each fruit tree both in our nursery and in the customer's garden. We sell trees and shrubs of various shapes and types of crowns ready for planting in the garden. There are trees formed for a small garden - cordons and palmettes, as well as fruit trees with 2 varieties grafted on them.

We sell and plant berry crops: gooseberries, currants, chokeberries, viburnum, sea buckthorn, honeysuckle, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, lingonberries, cranberries and garden strawberries (large-fruited and small-fruited remontant). We grow and plant winter-hardy fruit grapes. These grape varieties can be grown with minimal cover and some without cover, harvesting every year. There are delicious varieties for fresh consumption and varieties for winemaking.


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